Endocrine and Psychiatry Center logo

Diabetes and exercise

Mar 09, 2023
misc image
This is about diabetes and the benefits of exercise.

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is a metabolic disorder that affects the way your body processes glucose, which can lead to high blood sugar levels. While medication and lifestyle changes can help manage diabetes, regular exercise has been shown to have numerous benefits for people with diabetes. In this blog, we will explore the benefits of exercise for people with diabetes.

Blood Sugar Control

Exercise is one of the most effective ways to control blood sugar levels for people with diabetes. When you exercise, your muscles use glucose for energy, which lowers your blood sugar levels. Regular exercise can also help your body become more sensitive to insulin, a hormone that helps your body use glucose more effectively. This means that your body will need less insulin to process glucose, which can lead to better blood sugar control.

Improved Cardiovascular Health

People with diabetes are at higher risk for heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems. Exercise can help lower this risk by improving cardiovascular health. When you exercise, your heart pumps harder, which strengthens your heart and improves blood flow. This can lower blood pressure, improve cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Weight Management

Maintaining a healthy weight is important for people with diabetes. Exercise can help with weight management by burning calories and building muscle. When you exercise regularly, you can burn more calories, which can help you maintain a healthy weight. Additionally, building muscle can help you burn more calories even when you are not exercising.

Stress Reduction

Managing stress is important for people with diabetes, as stress can cause blood sugar levels to rise. Exercise is a great way to reduce stress, as it releases endorphins, which are natural mood boosters. Regular exercise can also help improve sleep, which can also reduce stress levels.

Improved Sleep

People with diabetes are more likely to have sleep problems, such as insomnia and sleep apnea. Exercise can improve sleep quality by reducing stress and anxiety levels, which can make it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep. Additionally, regular exercise can help regulate your sleep-wake cycle, which can improve sleep patterns.

Increased Energy Levels

Fatigue is a common symptom of diabetes, but regular exercise can help increase energy levels. When you exercise, your body releases endorphins, which can boost energy levels and improve mood. Additionally, exercise can help improve cardiovascular health, which can lead to better oxygen and nutrient delivery to your body's tissues, resulting in increased energy levels.

Types of Exercise for People with Diabetes

Not all exercises are created equal, and people with diabetes need to be mindful of their exercise choices. Here are some types of exercise that are safe and effective for people with diabetes:

  1. Aerobic Exercise: Aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming, is great for improving cardiovascular health and lowering blood sugar levels.

  2. Resistance Training: Resistance training, such as weightlifting or bodyweight exercises, can help build muscle and improve insulin sensitivity.

  3. Yoga: Yoga is a low-impact exercise that can improve flexibility, reduce stress, and improve sleep quality.

  4. Tai Chi: Tai Chi is a gentle form of exercise that can improve balance, reduce stress, and improve cardiovascular health.

  5. High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): HIIT involves short bursts of intense exercise followed by periods of rest. It is a great way to improve cardiovascular health and burn calories in a short amount of time.


Exercise is a powerful tool for managing diabetes. It can help control blood sugar levels, improve cardiovascular health, manage weight, reduce stress, improve sleep quality, and increase energy levels. People with diabetes should choose safe and effective exercises, such as aerobic exercise, resistance training, yoga, Tai Chi, and HIIT. Remember to consult with your healthcare